Practical information Hostel Public transport About Amsterdam
Program Monday 23rd of September
Program Tuesday 24th of September Keetwonen / Ijburg
Program Wednesday 25th of September Rotterdam / MVRDV
Program Thursday 26th of September Ter Apel / Groningen
Except for the bus trip on Thursday we expect you to Ànd your way to our meeting points on your own. You can either rent bikes or go by public transport.
St Christopher’s Inn - The Winston The Winston Warmoesstraat 129 1012JA Amsterdam
The app ¶Trip AdYisor· has a Yery good ofÁine city guide for Amsterdam where you will have access to maps and travel recommendations for free. Arcam have an architectural guide for Amsterdam called ¶8AR·. You can Ànd it from this page: www.arcam.nl/default.lhtml?lang=uk& Public transport: 9292.nl/en# or www.gvb.nl Trains: www.ns.nl/en/travellers/home Bike rental: www.yellowbike.nl or www.macbike.nl
Teachers Eli Støa: +47 932 09 345 Stein Audun Jenssen: +47 982 56 817 Ingrid T. Ødegård: +47 480 34 233
Students Julie Bueide Viktoria Hamran Fjellbekk Stine Glennås Kristine Gulliksen Marie Lowosow Giang Chau Catherine Nguyen Do Arnheidur Ofeigsdottir Walter Radl Gubghild Tverdal Sara Karine G. Warloe Sissel Ellingsen Westvig Karine Elise Winther Camilla Åseng
Tel: +31 206 231 380 [email protected] Booking number: 6043522 Information from the hostel: When you stay at the St Christopher’s Amsterdam Hostel not only are you in the most central city location, next to all of the best attractions, you also have access to our very own private beer garden, attached to the Belushi’s bar. Add to that a built in nightclub at the famous Winston Kingdom next door and you can’t go wrong. We have booked rooms with 6 and 8 beds at the hostel. The students organize who will share rooms themselves. Breakfast is served from 08:00-10:00 Check in after 14.00. Check out before 11.00.
IdentiÀcation: A valid passport is reTuired for check-in Free Continental Beakfast Clean fresh bed linen provided and beds made before arrival Travel and sightseeing tips at reception Free Wi-Fi Internet Access Free city walking tour 24-hour reception All night security staff and doormen Electronic key cards for hostel area Credit cards accepted Free lockers available in the rooms only: A padlock is reTuired. These can be bought at reception Secure luggage storage with coin operated lockers available Bring your own towel. Travel towel purchase available at reception Beer garden Pool table 2-for-1 drink specials in the bar Guests receive a 25% discount on food in the bar Bar, restaurant and nightclub on-site 60 themed art rooms
St Christopher’s Inn
From Schipol Airport 50 min
Take a train shuttle to Amsterdam Central Train Station. Buy a ticket from a machine or at the desk (more expensive). This train ride will cost around €3.80 (one-way ticket). Trains leave every 10-minutes between 06.00 and 01.00. The journey takes approximately 12-minutes. Exit the station into the large sTuare and head toward the Victoria Hotel. Follow Damrak Avenue for about 200-metres. At the end of the cruise boat harbour turn left into Oudebrugsteeg. Then turn right onto Warmoesstraat at the Chikita Shop. Walk for approximately 150-metres until you reach St Christopher’s at the Winston.
Public transport Kin g
Eli as g.
g. Bu r
5 -’4 ‘40 in Ple
Vlu gt la an D e
Lodewijk van Deysselstraat
St. Lucas Andreas
L Z am Dr ijlple be rt .H . C in us oli jns an tra Le at eu we nla Slo an te rm ee rla an
do en .R
ps V tra Ad oerm at m . H ans elf tra ric at hs tra M er at c at M o a
Sloterplas Sloterpark Postjesweg
17 OSDORP DIJKGRAAFPLEIN
we Ho llwe ek g en es
sw str fdw stje tijn oo Po ran H Co
D str erk a in Su at der en rin am ep le
ing Hu iz n ha Jo
He e D e mste lfla de n d str laa aaKostverlorenvaart W n t
ar ist r Ec aat Po uple we in llw H uis o eg Da eke vid nes ss tra at
The I Amsterdam Card also includes a travel pass.
1 OSDORP DE AKER
Travel Passes The GVB offers unlimitedride passes for 1/2/3/4/5/6/7 days (€7.50/12/16.50/21/26/ 29.50/32), available at VVV ofÀces, metro-station machines (valid for up to 72 hours only) and from tram conductors (valid for 24 hours only).
M Ant. van Leeuwenhoek Slotervaart
Vla La an an de va re n n
de pla naa nt ard so een
2 NIEUW SLOTEN
Train National and international trains arrive at Centraal Station, in Amsterdam’s centre. For national train schedules and booking, see the Holland by Train website (www.ns.nl). For international booking and information, see the NS Hispeed website (www. nshispeed.nl).
V tra s
. us str m as ht len Er rac Ga g v n Ja
Tickets are smartcards called the OVchipkaart (www.ov-chipkaart.nl). Either purchase a re-usable one in advance at the GVB information ofÀce, or purchase a disposable one (€2.60, good for one hour) when you board. Some trams have conductors responsible for ticketing, while on others the drivers handle tickets. If transferring from another line, show your ticket to the conductor or driver as you board. Buses are more conventional, with drivers stamping the tickets as you board. When you enter and exit a bus, tram or metro, hold the card against a reader at the doors or station gates. The system then calculates your fare and deducts it from the card. Fares for the re-usable cards
Fast, freTuent trams operate between 6am and 12.30am. The metro and buses serve primarily outer districts. Nachtbussen (night buses, 1am to 6am, every hour) run after other transport stops. The routes radiate out from Centraal Station.
er m m
Tram, bus & metro The Gemeentevervoerbedrijf (GVB; www.gvb. nl) runs the public transport system. The GVB information ofÀce (Stationsplein 10; 7am9pm Mon-Fri, 10am-6pm Sat & Sun) is across the tram tracks from Centraal Station’s main entrance, and attached to the VVV tourist ofÀce. The GVB information ofÀce is the prime place for visitors to pick up tickets, maps and the like.
Free ferries run to Amsterdam-Noord, departing from piers behind Centraal Station. The ride to Buiksloterweg is the most direct (Àve minutes) and runs 24 hours. Another boat runs to NDSM-werf (15 minutes) between 7am and midnight (1am on Saturday), and another goes to IJplein (6.30am to midnight). Bicycles are permitted.
12 STATION SLOTERDIJK
Canal boat & ferry The Canal Bus (www.canal.nl) does several circuits between Centraal Station and the Rijksmuseum, offering a uniTue hop-on, hopoff service.
are much lower than the disposable ones (though you do have to pay an initial €7.50 fee; consider it if you’re a repeat or long-stay visitor, as the card is valid for Àve years). You can also buy OVchipcards for unlimited use for one or more days, and this often is the most convenient option.
Central Amsterdam is relatively compact and best seen on foot or by bicycle. The public transport system is a mix of tram, bus, metro and ferry. Visitors will Ànd the trams the most useful option. The excellent Journey Planner (www.9292ov.nl) calculates routes, costs and travel times, and will get you from door to door, wherever you’re going in the city. It even offers a car versus public transport comparison.
at tra es t eij aa .H str J.P ith is Fe slu vis se ijn om Rh to er Ov
g t g we aa we
eg t sw traa stje hs Po Wit de e
1e Const. HuygensstraatOvertoom
1e van Swindenstraat
iks er ed Fr lein p
s Kin n t Va aa
er xa Ale
an dla Ba
ht ac gr rs ize Ke
Hoogte Kadijk Spui Joods Historisch museum
Vennepluimstraat 1e Coehoornstraat
Adm. de Ruijterweg W. de Zwijgerlaan E. Wolffstraat
Monument Allard Piersonmuseum
co rple Po in tse lost ns raa tra t at
Dam Dam Historisch museum
kt ar rm te es W tch r a at ng tra ze ixs Ro arn M
1e Leeghwaterstraat M
Hugo de Grootplein
o Do K.
at str. n tra ps ale Rij v G De Jan
Bos en Lommerweg
C. van Eesterenlaan
16 24 25 4 9 26
V St an iru Lim m b str ur aa g W t itte nk ad e
Station Bijlmer ArenA
About Amsterdam Seventeenth-century buildings. Joint-smoking alien sculptures. Few cities meld history with modern urban Áair like Amsterdam. Admire Art You can’t walk a kilometre without bumping into a masterpiece in the city. The Van Gogh Museum hangs the world’s largest collection by tortured native son Vincent. A few blocks away, Vermeer’s Kitchen Maid, Rembrandt’s Night Watch and other Golden Age treasures Àll the Rijksmuseum. The Museum het Rembrandthuis offers more of Rembrandt via his atmospheric, etching-packed studio and the Stedelijk pulls out Mondrian among its modern stock. And when the urge strikes for something blockbuster, the Hermitage Amsterdam delivers: the outpost of Russia’s State Hermitage Museum picks from its threemillion-piece home trove to mount mega exhibits. Bike & Boat Two wheeling is a way of life here. It’s how Amsterdammers commute to work, go to the shop and meet a date for dinner. With all the bike rental shops around, it’s easy to gear up and take a spin. If locals aren’t on a bike, they may well be in a boat. With its canals and its massive harbour, this city reclaimed from the sea offers countless opportunities to drift. Hop in a canal boat (preferably an open-air one) or one of the free ferries behind Centraal Station for a wind-in-your-hair ride. Feel Gezellig Amsterdam is famously gezellig, a Dutch Tuality that translates as convivial or cosy. It’s more easily experienced than deÀned. There’s a sense of time stopping, an intimacy of the here and now that leaves all your troubles behind, at least until tomorrow. You can get that warm, fuzzy feeling in many situations, but the easiest place is a traditional brown cafe. Named for their wood panelling and walls stained by smoke over the centuries, brown cafes practically have gezelligheid on tap, alongside good beer. You can also feel gezellig at any restaurant after dinner, when you’re welcome to linger and chat after your meal while the candles burn low. Wander into the Past Amsterdam is ripe for rambling, its compact core laced by atmospheric lanes and Tuarters. You never know what you’ll Ànd: a hidden garden, a shop selling velvet ribbon, a jenever (Dutch gin) distillery, an old monastery turned classical music venue. Wherever you end up, it’s probably by a canal. And a cafe. 10
And a gabled building that looks like a Golden Age painting. Why I Love Amsterdam By Karla Zimmerman, Author I love walking around Prinsengracht in the morning. Houseboats bob, bike bells cling cling, Áower sellers la\ out their wares. 7he old merchants houses tilt at impossible angles, and it·s eas\ to imagine an era when boats unloaded spices out front. I love that the beer in $msterdam is perfectl\ frothed, and \ou can drink under a windmill without affectation in the cit\. I love that even the smallest sandwich shop takes exquisite care with their product, and it tastes richer because of it. I love that the Red Light District is b\ the 2ude .erk 2ld &hurch . $msterdam is one of a kind! Source: www.lonelyplanet.com/the-netherlands/ amsterdam
1. Eastern Harbour District - Azartplein 2. Lloyd Hotel -MVRDV 3. Silodam - MVRDV 4. Mother House - Van Eyck
14:00 Ijburg Guided tour of VMX projects in Ijburg by Shaya Fallahi, project architect at VMX.
Lunch Fix your lunch individually before we meet again in Ijburg
10:00 Keetwonen Studenthousing in containers
10:00 Arrival in Rotterdam All rent bikes at the station
09:00 Mothers’ House - Van Eyck Plantage Middenlaan 33 Transformation project
Time to walk around in the Eastern Harbour district on your own, visit Lloyd Hotel and have something to eat before we meet again at Silodam.
12:00 Guided tour in Eastern Harbour with ArchEX Meeting place - Azartplein Finsihes at 14:30
17:00 095'9RIÀFH Dunanstraat 10
14:00 Kop van Zuid Guided tour by Rotterdam ArchiGuides
Lunch Fix your lunch individually before we meet again for a guided tour.
Netherland’s Architecture Institute - Jo Coenen Museumpark 25 Nice place for lunch?
Kunsthal - Rem Koolhaas Museumpark 25
The Muesumspark - Oma
Kubuswoningen - Piet Blom Overblaak 70
Rotterdam / MVRDV
Keetwonen / VMX / Ijburg
Eastern Harbour / Silodam
Wednesday 25th sept.
Tuesday 24th sept.
Monday 23rd sept.
16:30-18:30 Bus return to Amsterdam
Patio villas Casanova+Hernandez
Super-shell houses Casanova+Hernandez
15:00-16:30 Hybrid Apartment Block Van Starkenborghkanaal Europan6 Winner project by Casanova+Hernandez
Lunch 13:30-14:30 Fix your lunch individually before we meet again. Time to check out Schots 1 + 2, The CiBoGa Terrain Europan3 Winner project
12:30-13:30 Bus from Ter Apel to Groningen
11:00-12:30 Visit at Ter Apel Reception Center
08:30 Bus transfer from the Central Station
Ter Apel / Groeningen
Thursday 26th sept.
Feel free to visit additional program! Have a nice day, see you back in Trondheim!
11.00 - Check out of hostel
Friday 27th sept.
G u i d e d What: When: Price: More info:
b u s
t o u r
Double decker bus with guide every day 15,30/17 euros (internet price/on the bus) www.citysightseeingamsterdam.nl
space for sketches/notes
C a n a l What: When: Price: More info:
C ru i s e s Boat trip on the canal every day 13 euros www.amsterdamcanalcruises.nl
space for sketches/notes
Monday 23rd sept. Eastern Harbour / Silodam
12:00 1. Guided tour in Eastern Harbour with ArchEX Meeting place - Azartplein Finsihes at 14:30 Time to walk around in the Eastern Harbour district on your own, visit Lloyd Hotel (2) and have something to eat before we meet again at Silodam. 17:00 3. Guided tour of Silodam
E a s t e r n Program: Architect: When: Getting there: Website:
H a r b o u r
City planning several 2000 - today From the Central Station tram 26 direction Ijburg, the stop is called’Kattenburgerstraat’ www.archex.info
The Eastern Docklands (Dutch: Oostelijk Havengebied) is a neighborhood of Amsterdam, Netherlands, located between the IJ and the Amsterdam–Rhine Canal. The harbor area was constructed in the late nineteenth century to allow for increasing trade with the Dutch East Indies; a new location was necessitated by the construction of the Amsterdam Centraal railway station, which replaced the old Tuays. East of the new station was a marshy area called De Rietlanden, with the Zeeburgerdijk (then called Sint Antoniesdijk), running via the Zeeburch, a fort, to the Zuiderzee. The neighborhood consists of the districts: KNSM Island, Java-eiland, Oostelijke Handelskade, CruTuiuseiland, Borneo-eiland and Sporenburg. The area, about 2/3 water and 1/3 land, consists of an extension of the Oostelijke Handelskade, east of the center of town, and four artiÀcial ´islandsµ (peninsulas), all of which were former industrial and harbor locations. In the early 2000s, after a large-scale reorganization, the city’s biggest post-World War II building project, the Eastern Docklands was home to some 17,000 people living in some the highest population densities in the Netherlands. (www.wikipedia.com) KNSM Jo Coenens’ Masterplan for KNSM-island- provided big buildings, referring to the harbour scale. The buildings which accord to one block are among others the ‘Piraeus’ from Hans Kollhoff and Christian Rapp and the ‘SkyDome’ from Wiel Arets. At KNSM one can still Ànd traces of the old harbour history. Apart from houses for retired captains and former administration buildings of the shipping companies also a passengers-terminal dating from the sixties is still to be seen. Additional to the predominating housing small galleries, shops, cafés and boot-workshops can be found on the restructured island. JAVA-EILAND On the eastern part of the island a different strategy has been followed. The old houses were entirely torn down, after which an urban and small scale housing district - based on an urban design by Sjoerd Soeters - was built. The big housing blocks with intimate yards are structured by small canals referring to the Áair of the historic Amsterdam city centre. The buildings designed by different architects are repeated in each of the urban blocks, in varying positions. The housing project of the Swiss architects Diener and Diener links Java and KNSM within the urban plan. The Jan Schaefer bridge from Venhoeven CS connects Java island to the city centre. BORNEO-SPORENBURG For the two peninsulas Borneo and Sporenburg West 8 made a striped, three layered housing proposal, which reminds of long warehouses. The narrow housing types are conceived as introverted patio’s. All private outside spaces as well as parking places are to be found within the plot. All involved architects interpreted these rules differently. On Borneo the ‘Architects-houses’ show an even wider range. This ‘sea of houses’ is relaxed by big city blocks such as ‘the Whale’ as most prominent example. Red, waving bridges connect the two islands. (www. archex.info)
Meeting point: on Jan Schaeferbrug between Java Eiland and the Piet-Hein - kade, on the side of the Eastern Harbour
L l o y d Program: Architect: Client : When: Size. Budget : Website:
H o t e l
Hotel and cultural embasy MVRDV Woonstichting De Key and Lloyd Hotel, Amsterdam NL 1999-2004 8.300 m2 EUR 10.5 Million www.lloydhotel.com/en
Built in the 1920s as a hotel for emigrants, then a long-time prison, and now in a third transition, the Lloyd Hotel is located in the recently redeveloped eastern harbor area of Amsterdam. Whilst the meaning of the word guest has changed several times, it now offers comfort for travelers and provides a public dining room for guests and the neighbors in the adjacent new housing area. Within the protected exterior of this national monument a void was carved through the volume to open up the claustrophobic interior and to create a communal area for guests. It combines intimate spaces, used for meetings, reading, working, dining and drinking, with an open plan and a feeling of togetherness. The void also houses the so-called Cultural Embassy, which links all guests to a network of art and artists in Amsterdam - the specialty of the hotel. The Cultural Embassy is surrounded by 120 rooms. They are all different. Varying from one to Àve stars. From cheap to expensive. From neat to exuberant. From working space to romantic shelter. From Spartan to Biedermeier. From classic to modern. From single to triple rooms. With single beds to giant ten-person beds. With hammock or normal beds. With separate bathrooms or with baths next to the beds. With separate showers or open showers in the middle of the rooms. With dark basement locations to attic rooms. And so on. It seeks to attract people too curious to resist returning. (www.mvrdv.nl)
Conversion of a silo into housing, 165 dwellings MVRDV Rabo Vastgoed, Utrecht NL and De Principaal B.V, Amsterdam 1995-2003 9,500 m2 EUR 16.8 million (EUR 861/ m2)
In the western part of the Amsterdam harbor an extensive urban operation has been undertaken in order to densify the city and to meet the demands of the market, even on one of the more vulnerable areas. A former dam with a silo building on top has been transformed into a new neighbourhood that consists of a series of relatively costly components: a dam with a sunken parking lot, renovation of the old silo buildings, the reTuired mix of less expensive social housing, the underwater protection barrier against oil tankers, the reTuired deep piling foundation and the expensive temporary drydock constructions. To help pay for parts of this operation, a new housing block at the end of the dam was proposed. Timing helped. The Dutch real estate boom in the nineties allowed for higher proÀts. By waiting some years, additional income could be generated. How could MVRDV design a building that would wait? The problem of a fast changing housing market was approached with a series of different housing types. The demand for a big variety of living spaces on the one hand led to different typologies but on the other hand, as a counterbalance to the increasing individuality. A mixed program of 157 houses (for rent or for sale), ofÀces, work spaces, commercial spaces and public spaces had to be arranged in a 20 meter deep and ten-story-high urban envelope. The apartments differ in size, cost and organization. In order to accommodate this process in time, a series of neighbourhoods of 8 to 12 apartments were created. Blocks of apartments which surround a corridor, a garden, a gallery and a hall. As a counter-form these organizations lead to speciÀc apartments: apartments with a panoramic view, with views on both sides, double-height apartments, apartments with a patio, apartments with a view to the harbour. The daylight reTuirements caused different amounts of windows for these types. The economic reTuirements added a differentiation in facade material and outside spaces. In time these blocks were offered for discussion. It lead to both political and economical negotiations, that could span the given time. Based on a four tower organization, these blocks could be shifted. In the political discussions, a mix had to be achieved over separations, stratiÀcation or apartheid constellations. In the economic discussions, Gauss curves accompanied the changes in demand. Up until that moment the discussions had to be frozen. The existing situation was maintained in place. As a result, an unexpected seTuence of semi-public routes appeared: from galleries on one side one can walk via slits and corridors to galleries on the other side and higher up. Connecting all the houses with the hall, the public balcony, the harbour, the barbeTue area and garden, the library, Àtness area and toy exchange, a three-dimensional neighbourhood materializes. It became a container of houses, literally interpreting the surrounding harbour. Adding a 21st-century silo of houses to the adjacent 19th- and 20th-century silos. One of the blocks contains a restaurant, pushed outside of the volume. The dam has been bent through the volume. It creates a public plaza with a panoramic view over the river. It compensates for the loss of the view at the former dam. Below the balcony there is an ofÀce with almost the same magniÀcent view. (www.mvrdv.nl)
Tuesday 24th sept. Keetwonen / VMX / Ijburg
Breakfast 09:00 4. Mothers’ House - Van Eyck Plantage Middenlaan 33 Transformation project 10:00 5. Keetwonen Studenthousing in containers Lunch Fix your lunch individually before we meet again at VMX ofÀce. 14:00 6. Ijburg Guided tour of VMX projects in Ijburg by Shaya Fallahi, project architect at VMX.
M o t h e r s ’ Adress: Getting there: Program: Architect: Client: When:
H o u s e
Plantage Middenlaan 33 Tram 9, direction Diemen (Sneip) from Dam STuare (3 min from the hostel) the stop is called ‘Plantage Kerklaan’ Housing for unmarried women and their children A. E. van Eyck Hubertusvereniging 1973-1978
A boarding house for ‘fallen women’ (unmarried mothers) providing temporary lodgings for 16 parents and some 78 children pluss staff and administrative spaces was to Àll a gap in a 19th-century street wall and restore two neighbouring historical houses at the same time. The inÀll conforms in terms of height, general vertical subdivision and basement to the existing fabric, yet deviates radically from it in other ways. Its entrance and stairhouse are so positioned as to create two buildings: a tall, entirely new block and a less-tall extension to the existing houses, with colour and material acting as unifying elements. The existing premises contain staffrooms and parents’ living and sleeping Tuarters, with their terraces in the new-build. The all-new block contains storage space, a canteen and kitchen and a day nursery for children aged one to six. The two uppermost levels, high up and isolated, are for babies. A low-rise portion on an inner court has two storeys of dwelling units; each unit houses ten children and consists of a bedroom, toilet and washroom, kitchen and living room with a veranda. A tiny passage upstairs links the dwellings to a roof terrace. The structure is a regular concrete frame of columns and Áoor slabs with a core of toilets and lift. Non-loadbearing walls are for the most part glazed so that the space throughout is easy to read. Both plans and facades eschew geometric regularity in favour of even distribution of speciÀc geometries: rectangular spaces, 45 degree angles, circles and segments, and free-form curves in the children’s living Tuarters. During the construction stage, Van Eyck decided to supplement the intended colour scheme of the low-rise (purple, red, orange, yellow and green) by painting successive sections of the high-rise facade in different colours to lend weight to the rythm of the facade. ´I don’t choose colours,µ van Eyck wrote, ´the rainbow is my favorite colour.µ The rainbow motif can be found here more than once. (Hans von Dijk, Architectural Guide to the Netherlands, 2006)
space for sketches/notes
K e e t w o n e n Adress: Getting there: Program: Architect: Client: When:
H. J. E. Wenckebachweg 49 Tram 14, direction Slotermeer from ‘Plantage Kerklaan’ to the stop Waterlooplein’. 3 min walk to Metro Station ‘Waterlooplein’. Metro 54 direction Geim to the stop ‘Spaklerweg’. Studenthousing Tempohousing De Key 2005-2006
Keetwonen is the name of the biggest container city in the world (we know of no other village of shipping containers of this size: do you?). Living in a converted shipping container was a new concept in the Netherlands when launched by Tempohousing, but the city of Amsterdam took the courageous step to contract Tempohousing to go and realize it. It turned out to be a big success among students in Amsterdam and it is now the second most popular student dormitory offered by the student housing corporation ´De Keyµ (www.dekey.nl) in Amsterdam (and they have many). The initial fears of some people that the container homes would be too small, too noisy, too cold or too hot, all turned out to be unfounded: : they turned out to be spacious, Tuiet and well insulated and certainly offer value for money, compared to other student homes in the city. They also come complete with amenities often missing in other student dormitories: your own bathroom and kitchen, balcony, separate sleeping and study room, large windows that provide daylight and a view and even an automatic ventilation system with variable speeds. The heating is from a central natural gas boiler system. The hot water is supplied by one 50 liter tank per home and a high speed internet connection is included, as well as a central audio phone system for visitors at the main door downstairs. The whole project was designed with an eye on how students like to live: a place for yourself, not having to share the shower and the toilet with strangers, but at the same time lots of possibilities to participate in the social life of the dormitory, including the many parties that come with being a student. The blocks have a closed off internal area for safe bicycle parking. Although the project was initially meant to only stay on this site for 5 years (and to be relocated after that – container homes are ideal for that, you move and you take your house with you!), it is expected that the relocation will be postponed until 2016. The project started at the end of 2005 (Àrst 60 homes commissioned) and was completed mid 2006. (tempohousing.com)
I j b u r g Getting there: Program: Architect: When: Website:
V M X
p r o j e c t s
Tram 26 from the Central Station, direction Ijburg. Get off at the stop ‘Diemerparklaan’ where we will meet Shaya Fallahi, a project architect from VMX. Housing VMX 2003www.vmxarchitects.nl
From their website: The setting up of VMX Architects not only marked the beginning of an ambitious ofÀce, but also coincided with an important political change in the conditions under which architecture was produced in the Netherlands. The Dutch government’s hands on building programme was abandoned in the mid 1990’s which left an opening for privatisation and a free market – a new context with new responsibilities for an architect. Educated in a period of social responsibility, although fully aware of the current situation, VMX strives to give a new meaning and content to architecture. After the Àrst exploratory years of studies and competitions, the ofÀce is now in a position where ideas are also tested in reality. During the past years more than twenty projects have been realised. VMX approaches architecture from a pragmatic and optimistic stance. The ofÀce develops designs on the basis of a given situation, bearing in mind economic and cultural conditions. Practical issues such as programme, function and location are important elements in the design process. VMX sees it as their task to search for strategies that reach a creative integration. The work of VMX Architects expresses the option of architecture as custom made. Working under strict perimeters the ofÀce does not build ‘more of the same’ but builds speciÀc and uniTue solutions. The ofÀce was established after winning Europan 3, Den Bosch, 1994. Various projects have been worked on since that time. These projects vary from the design of a table to the design of a temporary bicycle storage, and from the complete modiÀcation of an existing house to the design of large, complex public buildings, hospitals, ofÀces and schools. VMX Architects consists of two partners: Don Murphy and Leon Teunissen. Don Murphy was one of the Àrst graduates of the Berlage Institute. He is responsible for the architectural position of the ofÀce. Leon Teunissen graduated at TU Delft in both Architecture and Building Management. He is responsible for the management of projects and the ofÀce as a whole. At this moment the ofÀce is consciously limited to 15 employees and a number of trainees. This enables the partners to give optimum attention to all projects. Employees of the ofÀce are both Dutch and non-Dutch. The differences in culture, education and technical experience is used to Tuestion and research Dutch building traditions. Apart from the secretary, all employees are highly trained architects and technicians.
Client Location Size Design Execution Costs
Zeeburg Amsterdam Steigereiland Amsterdam 2.400m2 2005-2007 2007-2008 3 million euros
Vesteda Amsterdam IJburg Amsterdam 2005 -2007 2007-2008 20 million euro
IJBURG 23 Client Size Design Execution Costs
J. Matser Projectontwikkeling 6800 m2 1999-2002 2003 - 2005 5,2 million Euro
Wednesday 25th sept. Rotterdam / MVRDV
Breakfast 10:00 A. Arrival in Rotterdam All rent bikes at the station B. Kubuswoningen - Piet Blom Overblaak 70 C. The Muesumspark - Oma C. Kunsthal - Rem Koolhaas Museumpark 25 C. Netherland’s Architecture Institute - Jo Coenen Museumpark 25 Nice place for lunch? Lunch Fix your lunch individually before we meet again for a guided tour. 14:00 D. Kop van Zuid Guided tour by Rotterdam ArchiGuides 17:00 (095'9RIÀFH Dunanstraat 10
K u b u s w o n i n g e n Adress: Program: Architect: Getting there: When: Website:
Overblaak 70 Housing Piet Blom By bike (follow map) 1984 www.kubuswoning.nl/introkubuseng.html
Architect Piet Blom’s group of pole houses form a pedestrian bridge across the Blaak. The complex includes several larger cubes besides the Cube houses as well as the apartmentblock known as the Pencil-building. The name of the complex refers to the vision of the architect: every house was a tree, the total complex a forest. You can see what it’s like to live in a tilted cube, in the fully furnished Showcube. An exhibition with i.e. photo’s and models will provide you with even more information. Museum open from 11-17
T h e
M u s e u m s p a r k
Program: Architect: Getting there: When: Website:
Park OMA By bike (follow map) 1994 www.oma.eu/projects/1994/museumpark
The Museumpark and the Witte de Withstreet form a uniTue cultural area within the heart of Rotterdam. The Museumpark, a special designed park, accommodates, because of the surrounding buildings like Coenens’ Netherlands Architecture Institute, the Kunsthal by Rem Koolhaas, Museum Boijmans van Beuningen, the Chabotmuseum and the Natural History museum, a true sample-card of architectural styles and visions. The adjacent Witte de Withstreet with it’s choice of art-galleries, cultural institutions and various restaurants show the diversity of the cultural life of Rotterdam. This walk along the cultural axes of Rotterdam will show you how entwined art, culture and architecture can be.
K u n s t h a l Adress: Program: Architect: Getting there: When: Website:
Muesumpark 25 Gallery Rem Koolhaas By bike (follow map) 1992 www.kunsthal.nl
The Kunsthal Rotterdam stages some 25 exhibitions a year. The Kunsthal presents culture in the widest sense of the word: old art, new art, design, photography - from elitist to popular. The Kunsthal freTuently experiments with themes which in many cases provide the Àrst impulse for an exhibition. This approach has resulted in an exciting and varied exhibition repertoire highlighting Impressionism, lingerie, Leonardo da Vinci, Blackfoot Indians, Jewels of the Orient, Pop-art. More than 3300 sTuare metres of exhibition space are available in the striking building designed by Rotterdam architect Rem Koolhaas - a work of art in its own right, making a visit to the Kunsthal well worth your while. (www.kunsthal.nl)
N e t h e r l a n d ’ s Adress: Program: Architect: Getting there: When: Website:
A r c h i t e c t u r e
I n s t i t u t e
Muesumpark 25 Museum Jo Coenen By bike (follow map) 1988 en.nai.nl
Museum open from 10-17 Exhibition, café and the Sonneveld House Museum is one of the best-preserved houses in the Nieuwe Bouwen style, the Dutch branch of the International School of Modernism. Nice place for lunch?
K o p
v a n
Program: Architect: When: Getting there: Website:
Z u i d
City planning several 2000 - today By bike (follow map) www.rotterdam-archiguides.nl/en/architectural-excursions/kop-van-zuidsouthbank
14-16pm / Guided tour – Rotterdam ArchiGuides The most interesting city development besides the innercity and the LloydTuarter can be found along the river Maas. With the disappearance of the harbor functions on the southbank, a lot of space has been created alongside attractive waterlocations to foresee the waterfront of the Kop van Zuid of new functions. In the past few years several interesting housingprojects have been realized, but also a lot of administrative functions have found a new location over here. Because of the energetic reconstruction of the Southbank, the centre of the city has been moved towards the river. The walk passes a.o. along recent projects like the Erasmusbridge by Ben van Berkel and the new Luxor by Peter Wilson the renovated Las Palmas building, the Montevideo by Mecanoo and the highest apartmentbuilding of Rotterdam, the New Orleans by Alvaro Siza.
S t a d s t u i n e n Where: Program: Architect: Getting there: When: Website:
Residential district on Kop van Zuid development area Housing KCAP Part of the guided tour 1996-2002 www.kcap.eu/en/projects/v/stadstuinen/
The ‘Stadstuinen’ (City Gardens) area of Rotterdam’s Kop van Zuid (a massive redevelopment of the former docklands on the southern banks of the River Maas) is a residential enclave that combines the advantages of suburban and urban lifestyles. The project comprises a total of approx. 570 residential units in 10 urban blocks set around an elongated sTuare. The outer edge is determined by apartment buildings of 7-9 storeys with urban functions in the plinth. The inner area is a garden district with mainly ground-accessed dwellings. The corners of the sTuare are marked by urban villas, one of which is occupied by primary school De Pijler. The blocks have been designed by four different architects who produced their schemes in consultation with each other. The predominant material is brick, applied in various mixtures and in four different colour tones. The consistent use of materials gives the neighborhood a sense of architectural unity. The positioning of the blocks and the introduction of different kinds of outdoor space, such as winter gardens and galleries, serve to optimise the sense of spaciousness. KCAP designed the four corner blocks. These blocks are characterised by a variety of housing types and different access principles which accompany the transition from the dwelling to the collective area. All the exterior spaces have been executed as cantilevered, projecting glazed-in balconies. Client Stadstuinen CV, Rotterdam Estrade Wonen, Rotterdam Leyten & Partners, Rotterdam Woonzorg Nederland, Amstelveen Program 570 residences with total 70.000 m2 of which 100 units designed by KCAP, sheltered housing, primary school, commercial and parking facilities, outdoor space
M VR D V Where: Getting there: Website:
o f fi c e
Dunantstraat 10 By bike (see map) www.mvrdv.nl
We are invited to visit the architects of MVRDV at their ofÀce in Rotterdam at 17:00 hours. From their website: MVRDV was founded in 1993 by Winy Maas, Jacob van Rijs and Nathalie de Vries in Rotterdam, the Netherlands. The practice engages globally in providing solutions to contemporary architectural and urban issues. A highly collaborative, research-based design method involves clients, stakeholders and experts from a wide range of Àelds from early on in the creative process. The results are exemplary, outspoken projects, which enable our cities and landscapes to develop towards a better future. The products of MVRDV’s uniTue approach to design vary, ranging from buildings of all types and sizes, to urban plans and visions, numerous publications, installations and exhibitions. Built projects include the Netherlands Pavilion for the World EXPO 2000 in Hannover; ‘Flight Forum’, an innovative business park in Eindhoven; the Silodam Housing complex in Amsterdam; the Matsudai Cultural Centre in Japan; the Unterf|hring ofÀce campus near Munich; the Lloyd Hotel in Amsterdam; the Ypenburg housing and urban plan in The Hague; the Didden Village rooftop housing extension in Rotterdam; the music centre De Effenaar in Eindhoven; the Gyre boutiTue shopping center in Tokyo; a public library in Spijkenisse; an international bank headTuarters in Oslo, Norway; and the iconic Mirador and Celosia housing in Madrid. Current projects include a variety of housing projects in the Netherlands, Spain, China, France, the US, India, Korea and other countries; an energy efÀcient ofÀce building in Paris, France; a central market hall for Rotterdam, the Netherlands; a culture plaza in Nanjing and museums in Hangzhou, China and Roskilde, Denmark. MVRDV is also working on large scale urban masterplans in Bordeaux and Caen, France and the masterplan for an eco-city in Logroño, Spain. Larger scale visions for the future of greater Paris, greater Oslo, and the doubling in size of the Dutch new town Almere are also in development. MVRDV Àrst published a manifesto of its work and ideas in FARMAX (1998), followed by MetaCity/Datatown (1999), Costa Iberica (2000), Regionmaker (2002), 5 Minutes City (2003), KM3 (2005), SpaceÀghter (2007) and Skycar City (2007), and more recently The Vertical Village (with The Why Factory, 2012). MVRDV deals with issues ranging from global sustainability in large scale studies such as Pig City, to small, pragmatic architectural solutions for devastated areas such as New Orleans. The work of MVRDV is exhibited and published worldwide and has received numerous international awards. Seventy architects, designers and other staff develop projects in a multi-disciplinary, collaborative design process which involves rigorous technical and creative investigation. MVRDV works with BIM and has ofÀcial in-house BREEAM and LEED assessors. Together with Delft University of Technology, MVRDV runs The Why Factory, an independent think tank and research institute providing an agenda for architecture and urbanism by envisioning the city of the future. (The Why Factory Website)
space for sketches/notes
Thursday 26th sept. Ter Apel / Groningen
Breakfast 08:30 Bus transfer from the Central Station 11:00-12:30 I. Visit at Ter Apel Reception Center 12:30-13:30 Bus from Ter Apel to Groningen Lunch 13:30-14:30 Fix your lunch individually before we meet again. Time to check out Schots 1 + 2, The CiBoGa Terrain Europan3 Winner project by S333 15:00-16:30 II. Hybrid Apartment Block Van Starkenborghkanaal Europan6 Winner project by Casanova+Hernandez II. Super-shell houses Casanova+Hernandez II. Patio villas Casanova+Hernandez 16:30-18:30 Bus return to Amsterdam
T e r
A p e l
Where: Program: Architect: Client: When: Website:
R e c e p t i o n
C e n t e r
Ter Apel Reception center for asylum seekers Geurst and Schulze Rijksgebouwendienst Directie Oost Arnhem 2000-2001 www.geurst-schulze.nl
From the architect: In this building the initial interviews take place with asylum-seekers applying for a Dutch residence permit. The building has two parts: an existing building housing the management and a new building where the asylum-seekers spend a few days. During this period they have a number of interviews with the staff of the Immigration and Naturalisation Service (IND).The building has waiting rooms and sleeping areas for asylum-seekers, interview rooms and ofÀces for ofÀcials of the Aliens Department, Royal Netherlands Military Constabulary, the Dutch Refugee Council and the Immigration and Naturalisation Service (IND). The building is located just outside Ter Apel on the site of a former NATO storage depot. The new building was inspired by the layout of a monastery and has a sTuare ground plan with four patios and two storeys. The introvert outside appearance of the building was in response to the desire not to make it too inviting. The interior by contrast is open and light to make the stay of the asylum-seekers as pleasant as possible. Owing to the short design period of 2 months and the very short construction time of 11 months, it was decided to use a pre-fabricated system comprising a steel frame, concrete channel Áoor units and prefab wooden inner leaves. The faoade is Ànished in ceramic tiles with aluminium window frames.
space for sketches/notes
S c h o t s Where: Program: Architect: Client: When: Gross Floor Area: Budget: Website:
T h e
C i B o G a
T e r r a i n
Groningen 145 houses and apartments 4,500 m2 retail and commercial space 300 underground parking places S333 Development Consortium IMA: ING Vastgoed, Amstelland Ontwikkeling, Bouwbedrijf Moes BVwith Nijestee Vastgoed, Amvest Vastgoed 2003 1.3 ha 25,000,000 euros www.s333.org
From the architect: Following its Europan 3 win, S333 was commissioned to develop the urban principles for a mixed-use regeneration project at CiBoGa, a 14 ha post-industrial site on the edge of the city centre. Then in 1998, we were commissioned as architect for Schots 1 + 2, the Àrst phase of the new development. In this work, we addressed the following Tuestions: How can context, nature and urban ecology become more instrumental in the re-evaluation, re-interpretation and re-organisation of dense, residential neighbourhoods within our cities? How can the multi-layering of activities and landscape set up a viable alternative to the hermetic world of the traditional urban block? S333’s research into housing typologies, local ecological conditions and alternative energy use has led to the proposals becoming a national pilot scheme and demonstration project for sustainable urban renewal in the Netherlands. S333 identiÀed the site as part of a larger urban ring of strategic importance for the city’s ecological structure. This was supported by the municipality’s decision to establish a car-free zone throughout the site, its policy of having only one carparking space for every two new dwellings, and its ambition to cap all polluted ground with underground car parking. The urban plan adopted by the city proposes 13 ‘schotsen’ – compact building blocks eroded by new forms of semipublic space – that Áoat in an open landscape which operates as a Àlter zone between the city centre and the 20th Century housing extensions. S333’s Schots 1 + 2 create a ‘volumetric landscape’ or megaform which both acts as a continuation of the existing landscape, and densiÀes the urban fabric to include 105 apartments, 44 houses, 110 winter gardens, 14 patios, 8 shops, 4 vertical gardens, 3 collective roof gardens, 2 courtyards, 2 supermarkets, 1 medical centre and 300 car-parking spaces. The supermarkets and smaller shops create a uniÀed streetscape, allowing the buildings above to evolve independently. Schots 1 is clad entirely in glass and Schots 2 entirely in wood. With just a basic house and basic apartment type, the project creates a wide range of possibilities with variations coming through position on the site, orientation to sunlight and access, and the relationship to existing buildings. In Schots 1, apartments positioned on top of retail space are arranged around a variety of open and semi-open collective spaces. Access galleries open onto roof terraces. In Schots 2, housing on top of retail space is accessed by a sloped ground surface that makes a seamless transition from the ground to the Àrst level.
S u p e r - s h e l l Where: Program: Architect: Client: When: Gross Floor Area: Budget: Website:
h o u s e s
Groningen 38 row houses. 40 social row-houses. 36 ‘Super-Shell’ Áexible houses (living and working typology) Casanova+Hernandez Nijestee Vastgoed 2012 611 m2 15 490 000 euros www.casanova-hernandez.com
H y b r i d Where: Program: Architect: Client: When: Gross Floor Area: Budget: Website:
From the architect: This hybrid apartment tower, eight-stories in height, is located along the Van Starkenborghkanaal, in an area under renovation characterized by the mix og housing and industrial buildings. The complete new urban development designed by Casanova+Hernandez architects consist of two main elements: 1. A massive plinth that uniÀes the whole urban intervention and deÀnes a new public space, sheltering living and working dwellings and business units, storages and facilities. 2. Three ‘crystals’ on top of the plinth, composed of dwellings, designed as light and transparent volumes. SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY The project explores the concept of social sustainability in residential areas by promoting the full integration of handicapped people in our society. The Hybrid Apartment Block avoids the traditional physical and psychological segregation of this group by experimenting with different strategies that can be summarized in the following concepts: 1. Mixing groups: spreading special apartments to avoid segregation. The tower consists of 50 apartments from which 20 have been specially designed for handicapped people following the design criteria of the Fokus program promoted by the Dutch government. The special apartments are spread throughout the whole building avoiding their concentration on speciÀc levels and/or areas of the building. 2. A home is not a hospital room: hybrid building as a mix of independent dwellings and care centre. This project allows independence of the handicapped residents and at the same time provides 24 hours care service centre integrated in the building (ADL unit). 3. Living independent, but protected. An intercom connects directly every special apartment with the ADL unit. Security and independence are the two principles that have been combined in this project to improve social integration of handicapped people. 4. Architectural appearance: neutrality and no differentiation. The architectural expression of the building does not show towards the exterior the existing difference in the interior program. No hospital appearance. 5.Strong visual relations living space - street life. Many residents living in the special apartments have serious mobility problems and lay in bed the whole day. The windows of the apartment are designed as high openings from Áoor to ceiling, allowing visual contact with the exterior urban life. 6. Winter garden as semi-open space The master bedroom is directly connected with the living room and both spaces have direct access to a winter-garden, a comfortable semi-open space that can be completely open in summer. 7. Fluid circulation around the house The design of the Fokus dwellings following a circular circulation scheme is based on extra large dimensions of circulations, doors and rooms, assisted by home automation systems, allowing users to move easily through the whole house. 8. Chromatic differentiations of the collective areas and building levels. The use of different colours, characterizes the collective spaces. This helps handicapped people to get better orientated within the building. 9. Dwellings Interior differentiation as promoter of social interaction. The changing position of the windows in relation with the interior spaces in the different apartments, combined with the use of coloured glasses, following an aleatory pattern dispersed in the faoade, create interior spaces characterized by very different chromatic conditions, something that incites the neighbours to visit other’s apartments, promoting the social relations within the block.
A d d i t i o n a l 1. NDSM Werf Adress: Program: Website:
p r o g r a m :
Kinetisch noord Neveritaweg 15 Former shipyard, now a centre for underground culture in Amsterdam. www.ndsm.nl/en
2. Museum Het Schip Adress: Spaarndammerplantsoen 140 Program: Museum on the Amsterdam school and social housing Architect: Michel de Klerk When: 1921 Style: Amsterdamse School Website: www.hetschip.nl
Prins Hendrikkade 600 Local architecture centre René van Zuuk 2003 www.arcam.nl
A d d i t i o n a l 6. Rijksmuseum Adress: Program: Architect: When: Website:
p r o g r a m :
Museumstraat 1 Museum for art and history from the late Middle Ages to the present day. Pierre Cuypers 1885 www.rijksmuseum.nl/en
7. The Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam Adress: Museumplein 10 Program: International museum dedicated to modern and contemporary art and design. Architect: Benthem Crouwel Architects (new extension) When: 2003-2012 (new extension) Website: www.stedelijk.nl/en 8. Orphanage Adress: Program: Architect: When:
IJsbaanpad 3 Orphanage A. E. van Eyck 1955-1960
9. Wozoco Adress: Program: Architect: When:
Reimerswaalstraat 1 Housing for the elderly MVRDV 1997
10. Parkrand Location: Program: Architect: When:
Geuzenveld, Amsterdam Housing MVRDV 1999-2006
Only for use at Amsterdam excursion. Planned by Eli Støa and Ingrid T. Ødegård Faculty of Architecture and Fine art - NTNU 2013
amsterdam - NTNU
A M S T ERDA M E x c u r s i o n
H o u s i n g
2013 D e s i g n
S t u d i o
Practical information Hostel Public transport...
Jan 29, 2007 - COM. Amsterdam. MADE IN IMPERIAL CHINA: 76,000 PIECES OF CHINESE. EXPORT PORCELAIN FROM THE CA MAU SHIPWRECK,.
morphologisch und geographisch bis zu einem gewissen Grade gesen' derber Russen zu zerlegen. Allein des weitere ..... weiebe am den i-lintereeken des Schildes liegt, um! die F'renteihreite benutzen; jedoeh hÃ¤ngt die M'eximaihreite des ...... Heierom
o Case Studies o Student discussions and presentations. Lesson 2 â Meanings of culture. â¢ Lesson Learning Objectives: o Learn about cultural styles. SAMPLE ...... I want my GREEK TV. 178. Ch 11 International. Monetary System. Closing Case: Curren
Nov 19, 2015 - get/diva2:798117/FULLTEXT01.pdf. Robert Ãstling ..... Ug mga ilang unod diha sa krus dala ang mga pangibog ug mga tinguha niini . 51003009$11+ maingon nga nahukasan na kamo sa inyong daan nga kinaiya uban sa ...
Tel: 01895 251496; Fax: 01895 814372; E-mail: [email protected]; Web site: www.cleapss.org.uk ... The'process'is'often'illustrated'by'the'reaction'of'copper(II)'oxide'with'sulfuric'acid'to'produce'the' ..... The reaction between sodium thiosulfa
process for the Amsterdam Sloterdijk district, which in the 1990s was a hotspot for telco- and internet companies. Another example is the development of A'DAM Tower on the northern banks of the IJ-river, scheduled to open its doors in 2016. More rece
Laboratory at NTNU. The measurement set up and execution of the tests was the same, except for the method of dissipating energy in the system. In the first test one of the feed pumps in the basement was used as energy dissipator. In the second test a
Nov 1, 2013 - 11:30-11:45 A3. Ingvild Odsbu. Prenatal exposure to anxiolytics and hypnotics and language competence at three years of age. 11:45-12:00 A4. Randi Selmer ... Kristin Holvik. Low serum concentrations of vitamin E are associated with incr
2) Evaluate alternative liner hanger systems and the pre-installed liner (PIL) ...... Halliburton delivers the Versaflex expandable liner hanger, see Figure 41.
Sloterdijk railway station, where several newspapers like. De Telegraaf have their offices. Also, Deloitte, the. Gemeentelijk Vervoerbedrijf (municipal public transport company) and the Dutch tax offices (Belastingdienst) are located there. The secon
Texts: Schwabe, Kathy, Information Technology Project Management, Seventh Edition, Cambridge,. MA: Course Technology, Inc., 2013. Burns, James, Project Management Processes and Practice: Applications to Information. Technology, 2015. (These materials
new requirements on the security of the devices as a consequence of this, is a major ... It is necessary to create an overall security system for an industrial plant, ...... evaluation of the tools used in this thesis and how well they adapt to testi
Jan 26, 2018 - 3.1 Shooting methods for boundary value problems with linear ODEs 108 ..... language producing output to a range of web-formats and PDF, ...
Aug 31, 2011 - Vocabulary. This section provides information on systematic vocabulary: inflected forms, pronunciation and translation of the words. The course has lists of ... form of PDF files that can be downloaded and printed. ... communication wi
May 21, 2013 - There exist a number of black box models to calculate jet pump performance. One goal of this thesis was to .... Fundamental theory derived by Cunningham in the Pump Handbook is used to describe the fluid ......  Bonnington S.T.
ARTIS Amsterdam Royal Zoo, Amsterdam Picture: red pandas - Check out TripAdvisor members' 53822 candid photos and videos. ... See all 5,781 reviews ... red pandas. EgyptAndS... Antwerp, Belgium. Level 6 Contributor. 175 reviews. 67 attraction reviews
Anales del. Instituto de Medicina Regional Univercidad Nacional de Tucuman, 3(3): 349-356. ABALOS J.W., 1954. Descripcion de una nueva especie de Tityus (Buthidae, ..... (abstract 12 du 2do Taller Venezolano : Los Escorpiones y sus Toxinas : ..... Me
this paper we address the use of imaging in epidemiological studies of developmental hip dysplasia (DDH) based on work performed at Haukeland University ...
Sep 1, 2011 - France and Britain took their hands of Poland. .... Many Polish prisoners of war in Russian camps were forced to take the ...... http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/ebs/ebs_243_en.pdf. p. .... the very border of the North Atlant